/usr/bin/python: No module named azure

If you get the message “/usr/bin/python: No module named azure” when running the az command in a Linux VM where you have installed azure-cli. Your problem could be that you are using an old version of Python.

Check what Python version is used with the command: python -V

If using an old Python version, install a newer. Check documentation how to update the Python version at your system. At the time of writing I am using 3.2.8.
After the installation check the bin directory for Python using the command:
ls -l /usr/bin/python*

To change for a new Python version, you need to remove and create a new link. Use the following command:
sudo rm /usr/bin/python
sudo ln -s /usr/bin/python3 /usr/bin/python

Check what version is used after creating a new link. Command:
python -V

Export TCP connections for a server to Excel

I work with many customers that need to know how a server connects to other systems before migrating the VM to Azure.

I have created a query in Azure Log Analytics together with Service Map that maps all the TCP connections so it can expored an Excel spreadsheet. The query is based on a query at the Service Map docs so please have a look there to get more inspiration.

Copy and paste the following query in your Log Analytics query window, where you have Service Map enabled. This query will show all servers in the Log Analytics workspace and their connections. If there is a need to only show connections to one server, add the server name after “where Computer like” at the first line.

Azure Role to start and stop a VM

Here is an example how to give start and stop access to a user on a VM in Azure. The role also gives read access to the VM.

Import the role in Azure

Open Azure cloud shell and use bash. Type the command “code start_stop_vm.json”, paste the role-json-code and save it.

In the shell, run the following command: az role definition create –role-definition “start_stop_vm_role.json”

Add users to the role that only should have permissions to start and stop the VM.

For more inspiration see this links:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/role-based-access-control/tutorial-custom-role-cli
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/role-based-access-control/custom-roles
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/role-based-access-control/resource-provider-operations#microsoftcompute

Using parse in Azure Log Analytics to create fields in queries

This is an example of how to grab information from a string in Azure Log Analytics and create a field to be used later in a query. In the example I will show how to collect the SubjectUserName, SubjectDomainName, ObjectName and AccessMask from EventData in a SecurityEvent.

This is the query I have created with the command parse to collect the SubjectUserName, SubjectDomainName, ObjectName and AccessMask.

Below are some EventData sample from SecurityEvent and under the sample are the results from the query.

<EventData xmlns=”http://schemas.microsoft.com/win/2004/08/events/event”> <Data Name=”SubjectUserSid”>S-1-5-21-1225449125-278733945-481909518-72603</Data> <Data Name=”SubjectUserName”>duck</Data> <Data Name=”SubjectDomainName”>CORP</Data> <Data Name=”SubjectLogonId”>0x1dac58</Data> <Data Name=”ObjectServer”>Security</Data> <Data Name=”ObjectType”>File</Data> <Data Name=”ObjectName”>F:\shares\1234\Folder2\myfile.txt</Data> <Data Name=”HandleId”>0xeac</Data> <Data Name=”TransactionId”>{00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000}</Data> <Data Name=”AccessList”>%%1537 %%4423 </Data> <Data Name=”AccessReason”>%%1537: %%1801 D:(A;ID;FA;;;BA) %%4423: %%1801 D:(A;ID;FA;;;BA) </Data> <Data Name=”AccessMask”>0x10080</Data> <Data Name=”PrivilegeList”>-</Data> <Data Name=”RestrictedSidCount”>0</Data> <Data Name=”ProcessId”>0x4</Data> <Data Name=”ProcessName”></Data> <Data Name=”ResourceAttributes”>-</Data> </EventData>

Results from the query.

Send Email when Azure Site Recovery is done or manual step is needed

This post is about sending an email when a Azure Site Recovery (ASR) failover is done or before a manual step in the ASR failover plan. In the example I have used an Azure Automation runbook in the ASR plan to send an email through the service SendGrid. SendGrid can off course be changed to another solution but in my case, I find it easy to use.

If you want to try it, start by creating a SendGrid account in Azure.

Make a note of the username and your password, you will need it later.

Create or import an Azure Automation Runbook that will send the email. This is the Runbook I used: SendEmail Runbook. Read the information in the description of the Runbook to get it working.

In the example Runbook above, an Azure Automation credential is needed. This is how it should look like. Add the username and password from the SendGrid account.

Edit the variables in the Runbook script and publish it.

Go to the Recovery Services vault and add the Runbook to the ASR plan.